October 3, 2011 (13:30～15:00)
"Studies of Soft Condensed Matter Systems Using Molecular Simulations: Recent Developments in Non-Additive Electrostatic Potentials and Applications"Prof. Sandeep Patel (Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Delaware, USA)
Molecular simulations today are applied across many scientific disciplines. Complementing experiment, these tools afford a molecular-level understanding and interpretation of physico-chemical processes at spatial and temporal resolutions inaccessible to experiment. At the heart of such methods is the description of interactions between atoms and molecules, the force field. Traditionally, non-reactive force fields have treated electrostatic interactions using an additive, Coulomb model between fixed partial charges on atomic sites. Though quite successful, there has been conjecture as to the effects of incorporating non-additivity in classical force fields, particularly in biological systems. Over the last several decades, attempts to incorporate electrostatic non-additivity in the form of inducible dipole interactions or dynamically varying partial charges have provided a vast body of knowledge that has aided in the development of a new class of force fields attempting to explicitly account for non-additive effects. We will present our recent work in developing one such class of models, charge equilibration force fields, and select applications of such models to aqueous solution interfaces, ion solvation and specific ion effects, hydrophobocity, model membrane bilayers and simple integral membrane peptides such as the gramicidin A bacterial channel, and protein-ligand binding. Finally, we will discuss recent development and application of graphical processing units (GPU’s) for molecular dynamics simulations.
September 20, 2011 (13:30～15:00)
"Membrane Protein Functional Dynamics"Dr. Morten O. Jensen (D.E.Shaw Research, New York, USA)
Long molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, which recently reached the millisecond timescale for the first time, may prove a powerful tool in advancing the understanding of protein function. Here I will discuss our MD studies of the conformational changes associated with ion channel voltage gating. Our results reveal an atomic-level structural mechanism applicable to the entire Na+/K+/Ca2+ voltage-gated ion channel superfamily, reconciling much apparently conflicting experimental data.
September 2, 2011 (10:00～15:00)
"生体高分子におけるエネルギー移動過程の解明へ向けて"Dr. Kiyoshi Yagi (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
August 4, 2011 (13:30～15:00)
"Spontaneous Binding and Insertion of Membrane-Anchoring Proteins Captured by a Novel Membrane-Mimetic System"Dr. Zenmei Ohkubo (Department of Biochemistry and Beckman Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA)
Characterizing atomic details of membrane binding of peripheral membrane proteins by molecular dynamics (MD) has been seriously hindered by the slow dynamics of membrane reorganization associated with the phenomena. Consequently, the resulting structures are largely biased by the initial configuration of the lipids and proteins in the simulation system. To expedite lateral diffusion of lipid molecules and to accelerate formation of the optimal interaction between peripheral proteins and lipid headgroups during MD simulations, we have developed a highly mobile membrane mimetic (HMMM) model. The HMMM model is composed of an organic solvent layer as the hydrophobic core sandwiched by water and with short-tailed phospholipids at the interface whose acyl tails are immersed in the organic phase. This configuration is formed spontaneously and rapidly, regardless of the initial position or orientation of the short-tailed lipids. The short-tailed lipids in the HMMM model exhibit about two orders of magnitude larger lateral diffusion than full lipids in conventional membrane models, whereas the membrane profile of the HMMM model is essentially the same as those of the full-membrane models. As a challenging test of membrane binding of a peripheral protein without any guide, the GLA domain of human coagulation factor FVII was initially placed in bulk water in the HMMM model to simulate. During the MD simulation, the GLA domain inserted itself into the membrane spontaneously and reproducibly, with interactions closely matching those obtained previously using full membranes. The HMMM model is extremely efficient in capturing the mechanism of membrane binding of a wide spectrum of peripheral proteins, as well as other membrane-associated phenomena.
June 9, 2011 (13:30～15:00)
"Binding and Folding of Intrinsically Disordered Proteins: Nascent Structures vs Intrinsic Flexibility"Prof. Jinahan Chen (Department of Biochemistry, Kansas State University, USA)
Intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) are a class of newly recognized functional proteins that rely on a lack of stable structure for function. They are highly prevalent in biology, play key roles in crucial cellular functions, and are extensively involved human diseases. For signaling and regulation, IDPs frequently fold into stable structures upon recognition of specific targets. Understanding the mechanisms of these binding-folding interactions is of significant importance because they underlie the organization of important regulatory networks that control various aspects of cellular decision-making. I will discuss some of the key lessons that we have learned from our recent atomistic and coarse-grained simulations several small regulatory IDPs. In particular, I will discuss how an intriguing interplay of nascent structures, intrinsic flexibility, and charges might facilitate efficient and versatile regulation of IDP function.